AWHPC & State of Nevada: Virginia Range Horse Humane Management Cooperative Agreement

2016 is poised to be a landmark year for the humane management of wild horses. This year marks the second year of the Cooperative Agreement signed by the State of Nevada's Department of Agriculture and the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign (AWHPC) — a management program designed to become the largest humane wild horse management program in the world that protects over 2,000 wild horses living in the Virginia Range, an area of approximately 300,000 acres spanning from Reno to Carson City and Fernley.

The Virginia Range wild horse Cooperative Agreement truly resulted from the unparalleled efforts of many dedicated people, relying on local participating organizations, which conduct the bulk of the on-the-ground management activities under the Agreement, and AWHPC, which  acts as the umbrella organizing arm. Management activities include the relocation of horses, improving fencing to prevent horses from going into roadways and neighborhoods where horses may be become public safety issues. Public education is also provided to reduce and hopefully prevent citizen actions that might attract horses to urban areas and to further increase community involvement.

Implementing humane birth control is one of the cornerstone management activities of the Agreement and is being utilized to prevent the removal of horses by reducing and stabilizing the horse population at an environmentally sustainable level. Urban sprawl is having a large impact on the Virginia Range horses and working with local businesses, communities and municipalities is imperative to ensure the protection of the horses and public safety. This program is funded thanks to generous support from the Bently Foundation, ASPCA, the Ian Somerhalder Foundation and AWHPC supporters.

Note: The Virginia Range horses fall under the legal jurisdiction of the State of Nevada and, therefore, have no federal protection under the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act. Consequently, although these animals truly are “wild,” in the State of Nevada they are designated as "feral" or "estray livestock." This unfortunate legal status had placed the Virginia Range wild horses in jeopardy for many years until this Cooperative Agreement was adopted.


In March of 2013, the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign (AWHPC), at that time operating under Return to Freedom's umbrella, executed Phase 1 of a plan to protect the Virginia Range mustangs by entering into a cooperative agreement with the NDA that prevents any horses captured by the state from being sent to a slaughter auction. Read more about that agreement here.

In June of 2013 Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval signed Assembly Bill 264 (AB264), which allows the Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) to resume cooperative agreements between the state and non-profit organizations to humanely oversee the wild horses in the Virginia Range outside Reno.

In early October 2013, AWHPC (at that time under Return to Freedom) submitted a formal, comprehensive proposal to humanely manage the Virginia Range mustangs on the range. The proposal was submitted in collaboration with five horse protection groups in Nevada and outlines plans to help keep horses away from urban areas where there were public safety concerns, manage the population through humane fertility control and conduct and promote community education programs about how to live  safely with wild horses.

On March 19, 2015, the State of Nevada and Return to Freedom signed the on-the-range management cooperative agreement. The process of establishing protocols is underway to prevent Virginia Range horses from coming into harm’s way or being removed, and to Keep Wild Horses Wild.

Since the Fall of 2012, an extraordinary rescue effort has been underway to save a historic group of Nevada mustangs who make their home in the Virginia Range near Reno. In September 2012, the Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDOA) began capturing groups of Virginia Range wild horses, many of whom local advocates and citizens had been watching and enjoying for years. After holding the horses for a specified amount of time, the NDOA sent the captured horses to a livestock auction in Fallon, NV that is frequented by kill buyers who purchase horses and truck them to slaughter plants in Mexico and Canada.

In response, local advocacy and rescue organizations — led by Hidden Valley Wild Horse Protection Fund and Least Resistance Training Concepts — mounted a heroic rescue effort, which, as of January 9, 2013, has saved 141 wild Virginia Range horses from the cruelest of fates — slaughter. The rescue of these horses was made possible by financial support from the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign, thanks to a generous outpouring of donations from our supporters across the country and around the world. Please read on to learn more about this rescue and the beautiful horses that have been saved thanks to this amazing team effort.


Please consider donating to support our on-going efforts to protect these historic mustangs.